In 1922, the 20-year-old Baron Philippe de Rothschild (1902-1988), youngest son of Baron Henri and great-grandson of Baron Nathaniel, took the destiny of Mouton Rothschild in hand. During his reign which spanned more than 60 years, his decisions would profoundly change the world of wine, raise the image of the family château to unparalleled heights and considerably increase the range and geographical scope of its activities.